Mexico is a first-class municipality belonging to the third district of the Province of Pampanga. It has a total land area of 11,761 hectares and a recorded population of 141,298 in 2007.
The municipality has 43 barangays with flat slopes ranging from 0 to 3 percent. It is bounded in the North by the municipality of Magalang; in the South by the municipality of San Luis; in the East by the municipalities of Arayat and Sta. Ana; and in the West by the cities of Angeles and San Fernando.
The municipality of Mexico shares similar physical and cultural features with the City of San Fernando. Its proximity to the said city places Mexico in an advantage location as catch area for San Fernando’s economic spillover. This is evident on the growing numbers of commercial establishments in the western part of the municipality.
Meanwhile, agriculture is still the main source of livelihood in Mexico. It is one of the largest producers of rice in the province and remains as the top producer of corn in Pampanga. To date, Mexico’s yellow corn production reach 11,311 metric tons a year while its rice production was recorded at 29,980 metric tons in 2010.
Mexico’s economy relative to the Philippine economic structure can be said to specialize in agriculture. The major crops produced by the municipality are rice, corn and mango. The area being utilized for rice production covers 76.23 percent of the total agricultural land area of 9,821.78. And about 17.28 percent of its agricultural land is used for corn production.
On the other hand, more and more agricultural land is being converted into commercial usage due to the growing demand from incoming investors. The municipality has 1008 registered commercial establishments to date. Most of these establishments are located in Barangay Lagundi, Masangsang and Parian (Poblacion).
The municipality is also starting to attract domestic tourists as its potential for tourism opportunities increases. The town is now becoming popular for its San Nicolas biscuits and the authentic Kapampangan cuisine prepared by Lillian Lising Borromeo.
There are about 17 housing developments in Mexico, three of which are developed by the most respected developers in the country such as the Central Country Estate Inc., Camella Homes and Beverly Place.
The municipality has also a sufficient supply of power and water even as it has two major telecommunications company. The power is being supplied by PELCO I while water is generally supplied by Sinukwan Water. Digitel and PLDT serve the municipalities telecommunication needs.
In terms of education, Mexico has 16 elementary schools, two primary schools, one public college and several private high schools and colleges. The public college is an extension of the Don Honorio Ventura State University. Among the elementary schools, Mexico Central School is the biggest with a population of about 3,000 students and a faculty of about 50.
As far as its health services, Mexico has its own hospital. The newly-built Mexico Community Hospital is the most equipped and the biggest public hospital in the province. The P45 million hospital sits on a 12,490 square meter land in Barangay San Carlos. It is approved by the DOH as a tertiary level hospital with five operating rooms, a special operating room for children, and more than 50 beds.
To date, the municipality has also 20,000 Philhealth members with premiums continuously paid by the municipal government.
(Source: Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2000-2010 and relevant municipal records)